University of L'Aquila (UAQ)

At present UAQ counts over 20,000 students, around 650 teachers and researchers, and nearly 500 administrative and technical staff members. Officially established in 1952 (but its origins date back to the 16th century), UAQ has now 7 departments offering a wide range of Bachelor, Master and PhD programmes in biotechnologies, sciences, economics, engineering, education, humanities, medicine, psychology, and sport sciences. Internationalisation has played an increasingly important role at UAQ. The Engineering and the Sciences Faculties have a strong tradition of research in the area of Mathematical Modelling. The Dept of Pure and Applied Math has rich experience in managing International projects (starting in 1996 as coordinator of the FP4 "HCL" TMR , FMRX-CT96-0033). UAQ provides many services for its students, including Career Office, International Relations Office, Quality Assessment Office (of teaching, research and services), Centre for Students with Disabilities, Language Centre, Student Counseling Centre.

InterMathsUAQ Coordinator

Bruno Rubino
Department of Information Engineering, Computer Science and Mathematics, UAQ Italy
Bruno RubinoProfessor, Vice Rector for International

RealMaths Double MSc Degree :: Year 1 in L'Aquila


University of L'Aquila



ECTS Credits




Semester 1

Applied partial differential equations

ECTS Credits: 6   |   Semester: 1   |   Year: 1   |   Programme: Erasmus Mundus   |   Campus: University of L'Aquila   |   Language: English

Unit Coordinator: Corrado Lattanzio


Students will know basic of properties (existence, uniqueness, etc.) and techniques (characteristics, separation of variables, Fourier methods, Green's functions, similarity solutions, etc.) to solve basic PDEs (conservation laws, heat equation, Laplace equation, wave equation).


Semilinear first order PDE's. Method of characteristics. Partial differential equations of second order. Classification, canonical forms. Well posed problems, IBV problems. The heat equation. Derivation, maximum principle, fundamental solution. Laplace's and Poisson's equations. Maximum principle, fundamental solution and Green's functions. The wave equation. One dimensional equation, fundamental solution and D'Alembert formula. Fundamental solution in three dimensions and strong Huygens' principle, Kirchoff’s formula. Method of descent and solution formula in two dimensions.

Additional info:

Semester 2

Functional and Complex Analysis

ECTS Credits: 9   |   Semester: 2   |   Year: 1   |   Programme: Double Degrees   |   Campus: University of L'Aquila   |   Language: English

Unit Coordinator: Mariapia Palombaro


  • Metric spaces, normed linear spaces.
  • Spaces of continuous functions. Convergence of function sequences. Approximation by polynomials. Compactness in spaces of continuous functions. Arzelà's theorem. Contraction mapping theorem.
  • Crash course on Lebesgue measure and integration. Limit exchange theorems. Lp spaces. Hilbert spaces.
  • Introduction to the theory of linear bounded operators on Banach spaces. Bounded operators.
  • Complex numbers. Sequences. Elementary functions of complex numbers. Limits, continuity. Differentiation. Analytic functions. Harmonic functions.
  • Contour integrals. Cauchy's Theorem. Cauchy's integral formula. Maximum modulus theorem. Liouville's theorem. Morera's theorem.
  • Series representation of analytic functions. Taylor's theorem. Laurent's series and classiScation of singularities.
  • Calculus of residues. The residue theorem. Application in evaluation of integrals on the real line and Principal Value. The logarithmic residue, Rouche's theorem.
  • Fourier transform for L^1 functions. Applications. Fourier transform for L^2 functions. Plancherel theorem.
  • Laplace transform and applications.


Knowledge of all topics treated the Mathematical Analysis courses in the first and second year: real functions of real variables, limits, differentiation, integration; sequences and series of funcions; ordinary differential equations

Reading list:

  • J.E. Marsden, M.J. Hoffman, Basic complex analysis , Freeman New York. -
  • W. Rudin, Real and complex analysis , Mc Graw Hill.

Practical Information about your Year in L'Aquila

Academic Calendar & Term dates

Key Dates
Welcome and Induction Weeks

13 - 24 September 2021

Semester 1

27 September 2021 - 14 January 2022

Christmas vacation

23 December 2021 - 6 January 2022

Semester 1 examinations

17 January - 25 February 2022

Semester 2

28 February - 09 June 2022

Easter vacation

14 - 19 April 2022

Semester 2 examinations

13 June - 29 July 2021

Re-sit examination period

5 - 16 September 2022

Bank Holidays

1 November, 8 December, 6 April, 25 April, 1 May, 2 June, 10 June, 15 August

    Course Timetables

    Course timetables and updates are available on our department (D.I.S.I.M.) website

    Graduation Calendar

    Additional graduation sessions might be set for our joint programmes, please refer to your coordinators for more details.

    Visa information

    Applying for an Italian study visa

    Non-EU students selected to study at the University of L'Aquila will need to apply for a student visa at the nearest Italian Embassy/Consulate. The visa application requirements and processing time can be lengthy, taking anywhere from a few weeks up to several months. It is very important that you contact the nearest Italian Embassy for information as early as possible in the application process.

    Please notice that, before joining our programmes, you will only need to apply for one visa only at an Italian Embassy/Consulate, as Italy is the location for your first semester/year. Afterwards, while you're spending your semester(s) in Italy, you will have the chance to apply for another visa, e.g. a German one if you're spending your Semester 2 in Hamburg, at the Germany Consulate based in Rome.

    Web-based visa application on

    Starting from Academic year 2020-2021, the visa application procedure is completely web-based. Non-EU students not living in Italy are requested to pre-enrol using the online platform called UNIVERSITALY. Once your pre-enrolment request on has been approved by the University of L'Aquila, you will receive a confirmation email. After that, you will have to get in contact with the local Italian Diplomatic-consular mission for the visa request process. Please note that the university confirmation email does not automatically imply the issue of a study visa for you, which is all up to the Diplomatic mission you're in contact with, instead.

    Documents required (to be submitted via

    valid until 3 months after the expiry of your visa
    Transcript of records
    A transcript of records, issued by the competent academic authority, which records all the subject courses/exams included in the curriculum of your undergraduate studies.

    Italian Residence Permit

    If you need a visa to stay in Italy, remember that you will also have to apply for an Italian residence permit within 8 days after arriving in our country. A residence permit is indeed required when a foreigner stays in Italy for longer than three months.
    The InterMaths team will assist you with preparing all the required documentation, which includes a couple of forms to be filled in and, among others:

    A full copy of your passport (every single page, cover included)

    A copy of your health insurance card

    Accommodation proof

    Financial proof

    Enrolment certificate

    All you need to do is visit any Italian post office and withdraw the required form known as "kit permesso di soggiorno" ("soggiorno" sounds like "sojjorno"). Then, bring it to campus and we'll fill it in together!
    All the required documents will have to be put in an envelope and submitted to the L'Aquila police station ("questura" sounds like "kuestura") through any Italian post office (you may drop it at any post office, not necessarily the ones in L'Aquila, but the envelope must be addressed to the L'Aquila Questura, as it's the one in charge of the place where you're going to live and study).
    At the end of the submission, the clerk at the post office will hand you out three receipts, which will be considered as your temporary residence permit (always carry a copy with you whenever you're around and drop one to our Registrar's Office to confirm your enrolment).
    On such receipts you'll also find the date and time of the appointment fixed for you at the L'Aquila police station (Questura) to complete the rest of the required procedures, which includes an interview for fingerprints (carry with you passport & ID photos). Eventually, you'll be summoned for another appointment to collect your final (plastic) permit card - the one you can see on this page.
    The whole process will be complete in approximately 2 months (it could even take longer) and will cost you around 120 euros.

    Enrolment procedure

    Upon arrival in Italy, you'll have to complete your enrolment at the University of L'Aquila, which is the coordinating institution of your MSc programme. The enrolment process involves a preliminary online phase (registration on our university info system, online pre-enrolment and fee payment), which is usually taken care of by our InterMaths team.
    To finalize your enrolment, you'll then have to submit your translated and legalized qualifications, which include, depending on the case, ONE of the following:

    Declaration of Value (DoV)

    The DoV is a document providing an official description of your academic certificates, duly legalized by the Consular office of the Italian Embassy in the country where such degree was gained.

    CIMEA Statements of comparability

    CIMEA has implemented a service of certification and comparison of Italian and foreign qualifications, with a view to rendering qualifications increasingly more comprehensible and recognizable.

    Diploma Supplement

    You may submit a Diploma Supplement (a document accompanying a higher education diploma ) to certify your previous qualification only if you gained your undergraduate degree from an EU institution issuing Diploma Supplements.
    Note that the local Diplomatic-consular mission might still require that you obtain a Declaration of Value (DoV) in order to issue your study visa, although our university accepts either CIMEA or DoV as of academic year 2020/2021. If that is the case, you will have to go through the DoV request process instead of the CIMEA statements, which can be much lenghtier, so make sure you start the whole process in good time in advance.


    All our students, both European and non-European, must hold valid insurance covering risks related to health, accidents, death, permanent invalidity, civil responsibility (including travel assistance) while they are outside their home country - that is to say, local students won't need any additional health insurance while studying in their home country.

    Personal medical cover is required in most European countries, even in those that have a public health system. An insurance card will also be required by local authorities in order to apply for a residence permit (if needed).

    For all the Erasmus Mundus (EMJMD) students: a mandatory insurance coverage, covering risks related to health, accidents, death, permanent invalidity, civil responsibility, is provided to all students (whether they're scholarship holders or not) by the InterMaths Erasmus Mundus Joint Master Degree (EMJMD) Consortium.
    Such insurance complies with the minimum requirements set out by EACEA

    To all the other students (Double Degree programmes, for instance).
    In the months that precede your arrival we will send you information by email about the insurance coverage we recommend. Then, you can decide to buy a different one by yourself (but we will not assist you in this case) or keep the one you may already have in your country. But, in any case your insurance coverage will have to comply with some minimum requirements established by the consortium. You may refer to these links if you wish to buy insurance by yourself -  all the below listed companies offer insurance that comply with the minimum requirements to obtain an Italian residence permit:

    Housing options in L'Aquila

    Currently, our university hasn't got its own halls of residence, though there is one in town managed by the Abruzzo Regional Agency for Education, aka A.D.S.U. (a link is provided below). But, as L'Aquila is undergoing huge reconstruction after the 2009 earthquake, we stronly suggest you opt for renting a flat from private owners. The cost per person ranges from 150 to 250 euros per month depending on several factors (e.g. shared or private rooms, utility bills included or not, area). Living near the campus (the area is a in a suburb in west L'Aquila known as Coppito) can be cheaper but this means staying on the outskirts away from the city life (events, night life, restaurants...).
    Please make contact with Aquilasmus - ESN L'Aquila to receive support with finding a place to stay in L'Aquila
    Housing Contact Form by Aquilasmus

    Temporary accommodation in L'Aquila & Useful links

    The Aquilasmus staff will typically meet you within a few days after your arrival to help you find a place to stay. For your first days in L'Aquila you may refer to the links below

    ADSU Hall of Residence

    ADSU (regional agency for education) - for temporary stays only! not available for academic year 2021/2022.

    ADs on

    Online ADs from private owners available on our university website

    FB group

    "Cerco/Affitto Casa a L'Aquila!" Facebook group

    Rooms for rent - Ads in English


    Vacation rentals in L'Aquila

    Bed & Breakfast in L'Aquila

    Vacation rentals in L'Aquila

    How to get to L'Aquila

    Ideally located in central Italy, L'Aquila is at around 110 Km (68 miles) to the east of Rome and at 100 Km (62 miles) to the west of Pescara. Choose one of the following means of transport to find out more.
    By plane
    The closest international airports are:

    Rome Fiumicino

    main hub, aka Leonardo Da Vinci Airport

    Rome Ciampino

    aka G.B. Pastine Airport
    Both airports are connected to L'Aquila by express coach service operated by Gaspari or Flixbus. Read the section below ("By Bus") for further information.
    Another coach service (operated by T.U.A., aka as A.R.P.A.) is available from the "Tiburtina train station" (Stazione Tiburtina in Italian) located in East Rome.  But this means you'll have to firstly get on a train/bus/undeground from the airport to get to the "Tiburtina train station", which will take you one hour at least. So, we strongly suggest you use the other option, as such buses will be departing right from inside the aiport parking area.
    A bunch of European cities are also connected to the Abruzzo Airport in Pescara, located at about 100 km to the east of L'Aquila.

    Getting to campus

    The University of L'Aquila is made up of several campuses spread over the whole city, each of which with its own focus and identity. To get an overview, check out this interactive map 

    Our programmes are coordinated and hosted by D.I.S.I.M. (Department of Information Engineering, Computer Science, and Mathematics) located on the Coppito campus in via Vetoio - West L'Aquila. The Coppito campus also hosts other departments (biology, chemistry, physics, medicine) and, most notably, the main city hospital (in Italian ospedale). Keep that in mind whenever you will be asking for directions, as everybody knows where the hospital is.

    Local buses are operated by A.M.A. For more information and timetable see here 

    The webpage is in Italian, but all you need to do is enter the word "ospedale" or "coppito" in the search box.
    Number 2U Bus is very likely the one you'll need most, as it connects our campus to the bus station at the Hotel Amiternum, the "L'Aquilone" shopping centre, as well as the main coach station (known as Collemaggio) in the old city centre. But there are several other buses that might take you there - just check out the link above.

    Travel Links

    About L'Aquila

    The City of L'Aquila in brief

    • Reasonable cost of living
    • A town of artistic interest
    • Safe and quiet but also lively university town
    • Direct buses to Rome in little more than 1 hour
    • Three popular ski resorts nearby as well as three national parks
    • Sandy beaches at a short distance

    L'Aquila is an Italian city of about 70,000 inhabitants and over 20,000 university students. It is the capital of the Abruzzo region and it is conveniently located 100 km (62 miles) to the east of Rome. The city is on a hill at 720 m (2365 ft) above sea level and is surrounded by mountains, most notably to the north by the Gran Sasso range, which includes the highest peaks (up to 2900 m) of the Apennines, with a number of small lakes, trails and mountain climbing routes as well as deep caves. Within the province of L’Aquila there are also two national parks (Parco Nazionale Gran Sasso Monti della Laga and Parco Nazionale della Majella).
    The city itself is full of history, traditions, beautiful buildings (like the Spanish Fortress) and churches (most notably, the Collemaggio Basilica). There are also a lot of good restaurants, pubs and places where students get together every night. The city is also the home of L'Aquila Rugby. This team won the Italian championship five times.
    For more practical and historical information about L'Aquila, click here.

    Living costs

    A student will spend approximately 500 euros a month:

    • around 200-300 euros for accommodation and related expenses (gas, electricity bills, Internet...);
    • about 300 euros for meals (reduced fares or even free access to canteen available in L'Aquila if you're awarded a Regional Grant), transports (a monthly bus pass in L'Aquila costs around 30 euros), books, sports centres and the like. 

    Canteen at the Math Department (Coppito campus)

    Location: car park of our Department (opposite the "Coppito 1" building, main entrance).
    Opening time: 12.30 pm - 2.30 pm Mon-Fri


    Main university canteen

    Open for lunch and dinner even at week-ends
    Location: premises of the ADSU Regional Office (Località Casermette /S.S. 80 – 67100 L’Aquila), at just 2 minute's walking distance from the Hotel Amiternum (first stop for coaches arriving from Rome).

    Free Time


    • Movieplex Via Leonardo Da Vinci, Pettino, L'Aquila (25 mins walk from the Math Dept.)



    Bars, restaurants, pubs & clubs, discos

    Before the 2009 earthquake most people and students used to gather at the many cafes and bars in L'Aquila city centre. Now, while most buildings there are still to be reconstructed and great part of the area is not yet accessible to people, a bunch of bars have proudly reopened their doors. You will find lots of students hanging out mostly on Thursday nights (typically, university night) and Saturday nights. Just ask the taxi/bus driver to drop you at "Fontana Luminosa" (the big fountain near the castle) and walk into the main road "Corso Federico II". You'll see that most people gather in that small square or head right into via Garibaldi. 


    Aquilasmus is a student association, part of ESN (Erasmus Student Network). Aquilasmus offers several services to Erasmus students, like organizing parties, trips, international dinners, cineforums and more. Take a look at their website and join their Facebook group to get to know other international students and be involved in their activities.

    Being L'Aquila ideally located in central Italy, you'll have lots of opportunities to visit Italy's top destinations: Rome, Naples, Pompei, Sicily, Florence, Venice, Verona, Milan, Turin, to mention just a few. The easiest and most convenient way to reach any of these destinations is from the bus/train stations in Rome, where you can get to by TUA/ARPA coach or Flixbus from L'Aquila (either from the bus station "Collemaggio" or from the Hotel Amiternum). Some destinations (Bologna, Venice, Verona to the North or the whole beautiful Apulia region in Southern Italy - most notably the Salento Peninsula) are more easily accessible from Pescara train station, where you can get to by TUA/ARPA coach from L'Aquila bus station or even by train (you'll have to change trains in Sulmona). Recently, most popular Italian cities have also been connected to L'Aquila by direct coaches (Flixbus).

    And, if you're into art, don't miss out the opportunity to visit Rome museums for free on every first Sunday of every month!

    Short excursions around L'Aquila

    Amiternum archeological site

    amiternum siteOn your way to Pizzoli you may stop by and visit the stunning archeological site of Amiternum, an ancient Italic town founded by the Sabines and conquered by the Romans in the 3rd century B.C.!

    The site features an amphiteatre, a theather, publich baths as well as an aqueduct. 

    For more information and opening times, visit this link.

    Gran Sasso and other ski resorts

    Gran Sasso is Italy's second highest mountain (2,912 m asl). From the bus station in L'Aquila you can catch a number M6 bus (115 on Sundays) for Assergi/Fonte Cerreto (1150 m asl), which is the base of the cableway that will take you to Campo Imperatore (around 2100 m asl). Campo Imperatore is a ski resort where you'll also find an astronomic observatory, a hotel (where Italian dictator Mussolini was held captive), an alpine garden, lakes and several breathtaking trails. The cableway may not be available all year round (it's usually closed in summer). Anyway, if it's closed, you may still decide to get to Fonte Cerreto to go on a hiking trip: there are several amazing hiking paths starting there! 

    Click here for a virtual tour

    If you are into skiing, there are another 2 popular ski resorts at a short distance from L'Aquila, with better facilities than Campo Imperatore:

    • Campo Felice: see here
    • Ovindoli: see here


    Stiffe Caves (Grotte di Stiffe)

    Another place worth visiting in the neighbourhood is Stiffe (the nearby village is called San Demetrio dei Vestini), located at only 18 km from L'Aquila. The tour of these spectacular caves takes about one hour, but do not go there between November and April, as they may be closed because of the high water level inside. According to its official website, there are two buses going there every day from Collemaggio bus station in L'Aquila: one leaving at 8.15 am, the other one at 2 pm. Click here for details. 

    Lake Campotosto (Lago Campotosto)

    Located at about 1,300 m asl, this lake is part of the Gran Sasso e Monti della Laga National Park. It was created back in 1940s to produce electric power. In winter the lake gets almost completely frozen, while in spring and summer lots of people get there for canoeing, windsurfing, bird-watching, fishing (a permit is usually required) or just for picnicking. The road around the lake is ideal for walking or cycling. Several hiking paths connect Campotosto to nearby villages like Capitignano, Montereale and Amatrice. Click here for more information. The easiest way to get there is by catching an ARPA bus from Pizzoli to the village of Capitignano, then walk up to the lake, but it is going to be a 1-hour hike up to the lake and could be a bit strenuous for some. If you wish to get straight to the lake, you'll have to firstly get to the bus station in Collemaggio (L'Aquila city centre), then catch a TUA/ARPA bus to "Lago Campotosto".

    Marmore Waterfalls (Cascata delle Marmore)

    marmore waterfalls Marmore waterfalls are a man-made waterfall created in ancient times by Romans. Its total height is 165 m (541 feet), making it the tallest man-made waterfall in the world. Its source is a portion of the waters of river Velino (the rest of the river flows into a hydroelectric power plant), after flowing through Piediluco lake near the community of Marmore. It pours into the valley below formed by the river Nera. Its flow is turned on and off based on a specific schedule, to satisfy the needs of tourists and the power company alike. Tourists try to be there the moment the gates are opened to see the powerful rush of water.
    How to get there: catch a train from L'Aquila to Terni, then board a direct bus to get to the waterfalls. 

    Adapted from Wikipedia

    Gran Sasso National Laboratory

    screenshot 2013-08-18 at 23.26.35From the official web-site
    The Gran Sasso National Laboratory is one of the four INFN laboratories. It is the largest underground laboratory in the world for experiments in particle physics, particle astrophysics and nuclear astrophysics. It is used as a worldwide facility by scientists, presently over 900 in number, from 29 different countries, working at about 15 experiments in their different phases. It is located between the towns of L'Aquila and Teramo, about 120 km from Rome. Go to for more details and guided tours.

    Beaches on the Adriatic coast

    There are many amazing sandy beaches on the Adriatic coast at only 1 hour-ride from L'Aquila. The easiest one to get to is Giulianova. All you have to do is get to the bus station in L'Aquila and buy a ticket at the TUA/ARPA office on the -2 floor. Get off at Giulianova Stazione (train station) and walk to the beach, it's just a few steps away.

    Other popular places are: Alba Adriatica, Pineto, Pescara and Vasto. Pescara is by the way Abruzzo's largest city, with lots of shops, clubs and great nightlife, too. Just get to the main train station (Pescara Centrale, 2 hours away from L'Aquila, change trains in Sulmona; or just get there by TUA/ARPA bus). Outside the train station you'll find yourself in the city centre with lots to do and see on the promenade that will take you right into the beach!

    Calascio Fortress (Rocca Calascio)

    rocca calascio

    How to get there: get to the bus station in Collemaggio (L'Aquila city centre), then catch a TUA/ARPA bus to Calascio (check out the TUA/ARPA website)


    Sporting facilities

    CANADA' Fitness Club [link]

    WHERE. Coppito, campus of the Math Dept., just 2 minutes' walking distance from our teaching buildings. MAP
    DETAILS. Access to the area with weights machines (sala pesi) costs only 15 euros/month (average fare in other gyms is 40 euros) - free trial pass also available. You can join extra courses like pilates, yoga, zumba, fitbox, body pump, as well as reserve the outdoor fields. Check timetables and fares from the url.

    CUS - Centro Universitario Sportivo [link]

    WHERE. Statale 17 Bis (aka "Centi Colella", on the way from L'Aquilone Shopping Centre towards the Hotel Amiternum - around 20 minutes' walking distance from our department, but mind the traffic! Or just board AMA bus no. 2 or 19 from our department)
    DETAILS. Large university sports centre with several halls and rooms for most popular sports (fitness, spinning, judo, climbing etc.), including outdoors fields (football, volleyball, rugby, tennis, etc.). Reduced fees for university students.

    Piscina Comunale L'Aquila [link]

    WHERE. Viale Ovidio 3 - L'Aquila (city centre, close to the castle)
    DETAILS. City pool offering reduced fees for university students.

    Circolo Tennis L'Aquila [link]

    WHERE. Viale Ovidio 1 - L'Aquila (city centre, close to the castle)

    SKI Resorts

    Campo Imperatore [link]
    Campo Felice [link]

    L'Aquila Rugby [link]

    WHERE. Strada Statale 17 Ovest, Centi Colella, L'Aquila (opposite the main Post Office)

    There are quite a few private gyms (and swimming pools too) across the city, just google "palestra l'aquila" or "piscina l'aquila"

    Library in Coppito

    (biblioteca in Italian), ground floor, Coppito1 building, DISIM (Math Dept.)
    Open: Mon-Thu: 8.30 am – 7 pm, Fri: 8.30 am - 2 pm
    The first time you enter the library you will be asked to register. So, bring with you an ID document and your student card.
    More details can be found here

    Library in the Department of Humanities (downtown, old city centre, address: viale Nizza 14)

    Opening hours:
    Mon - Fri: 8.30 am - midnight!
    Sat: 9 am - 5 pm
    Sun: 3 pm - 8 pm

    Study & Computer rooms

    You can find study rooms in the Canadà centre, which is at 2 minutes' walk from the main teaching building (aka Coppito1), (Math Dept).
    There you'll also find a bar, a gym and a computer room, too.
    Click here to view a map
    Click here for their Facebook page 

    Find your nearest pharmacy

    Looking for a pharmacy near me?

    Doctor-on-call (Guardia medica)

    Out-of-hours (on call) doctor







    InterMaths Network
    A network of 12 European Universities, coordinated by Department of Information Engineering, Computer Science and Mathematics (DISIM) at University of L'Aquila in Italy (UAQ)